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Education Does Not Affect Cognitive Decline in Aging: A Bayesian Assessment of the Association Between Education and Change in Cognitive Performance
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI).
Number of Authors: 32018 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, article id 1138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Education is positively associated with level of cognitive function but the association between education and rate of cognitive decline remains unresolved, partly for methodological reasons. In this article, we address this issue using linear mixed models and Bayesian hypothesis testing, using data from the Betula cohort-sequential longitudinal study. Our results support the null hypothesis that education does not alter the rate of cognitive decline for visuospatial ability, semantic knowledge, and episodicmemory.We propose that education is only a relevant variable for understanding cognitive performance in older age because of the association between performance and education that is formed in early development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 9, article id 1138
Keywords [en]
cognitive aging, Bayesian inference, cognitive reserve, longitudinal study, cohort study
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158338DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01138ISI: 000437713200001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158338DiVA, id: diva2:1236934
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved

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