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Patients' experiences of motivation, change, and challenges in group treatment for insomnia in primary care: a focus group study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; Stockholm County Council, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 42018 (English)In: BMC Family Practice, ISSN 1471-2296, E-ISSN 1471-2296, Vol. 19, article id 111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The majority of patients who seek help for insomnia do so in primary health care. Nurse-led group treatment in primary care based on cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) can lead to improvements in both day-and nighttime symptoms. This study aimed to explore patients' experiences of nurse-led group treatment for insomnia in primary health care.

Methods: Seventeen patients who had participated in the group treatment program were interviewed in five focus groups. Interview transcriptions were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

Results: Four themes emerged that described patients' experiences of the group treatment program. Involvement and trust open the door for change: Motivation to engage in treatment arose from patients' own desire for change, from being together with others who shared or understood their struggles, and from feeling emotionally affirmed and trustful. Competence arising from deeper understanding: Patients obtained knowledge and made it their own, which enabled them to develop functional sleep habits and let go of sleep performance and worry. The ability to impact their insomnia increased patients' trust in their own efficacy and helped them persist in behavioral change. Struggling with vulnerability and failure: Treatment was tough, and patients could feel challenged by external circumstances. Moreover, they could distrust their own efficacy. Tailoring treatment to individual needs: Patients experienced different life circumstances and adapted the techniques to their needs and abilities by focusing on what felt right for them.

Conclusions: Patients went through a process of motivation, change, and challenges. They experienced certain aspects of treatment as essential to changing behavior and achieving improvements. Examples included being in a group with others who shared similar experiences, gaining knowledge about sleep, keeping a sleep diary, and practicing the sleep restriction technique. The study provides insights into patients' struggles during treatment, both those related to external circumstances and those related to feelings of vulnerability and failure. It also highlights the importance of adapting treatment to patients' differing needs, underscoring the value of person-centered care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 19, article id 111
Keywords [en]
Behavioral change, General practice, Group therapy, Health behavior, Motivation, Nursing, Patient education, Self-efficacy, Sleep initiation and maintenance disorders
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158336DOI: 10.1186/s12875-018-0798-2ISI: 000437950300002PubMedID: 29986651OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158336DiVA, id: diva2:1236939
Available from: 2018-08-06 Created: 2018-08-06 Last updated: 2018-08-06Bibliographically approved

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