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Analysis of the variability of the North Atlantic eddy-driven jet stream in CMIP5
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0698-2677
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 32018 (English)In: Climate Dynamics, ISSN 0930-7575, E-ISSN 1432-0894, Vol. 51, no 1-2, p. 235-247Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The North Atlantic eddy-driven jet is a dominant feature of extratropical climate and its variability is associated with the large-scale changes in the surface climate of midlatitudes. Variability of this jet is analysed in a set of General Circulation Models (GCMs) from the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project phase-5 (CMIP5) over the North Atlantic region. The CMIP5 simulations for the 20th century climate (Historical) are compared with the ERA40 reanalysis data. The jet latitude index, wind speed and jet persistence are analysed in order to evaluate 11 CMIP5 GCMs and to compare them with those from CMIP3 integrations. The phase of mean seasonal cycle of jet latitude and wind speed from historical runs of CMIP5 GCMs are comparable to ERA40. The wind speed mean seasonal cycle by CMIP5 GCMs is overestimated in winter months. A positive (negative) jet latitude anomaly in historical simulations relative to ERA40 is observed in summer (winter). The ensemble mean of jet latitude biases in historical simulations of CMIP3 and CMIP5 with respect to ERA40 are and respectively. Thus indicating improvements in CMIP5 in comparison to the CMIP3 GCMs. The comparison of historical and future simulations of CMIP5 under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 for the period 2076-2099, shows positive anomalies in the jet latitude implying a poleward shifted jet. The results from the analysed models offer no specific improvements in simulating the trimodality of the eddy-driven jet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 51, no 1-2, p. 235-247
Keywords [en]
North Atlantic jet, CMIP5, evaluation, Jet variability
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-158384DOI: 10.1007/s00382-017-3917-1ISI: 000435522000014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-158384DiVA, id: diva2:1237909
Available from: 2018-08-10 Created: 2018-08-10 Last updated: 2018-08-10Bibliographically approved

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