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Mortality and Cause of DeathA 30-Year Follow-Up of Substance Misusers in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Number of Authors: 42018 (English)In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 53, no 12, p. 2043-2051Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: This article presents a 30-year follow-up study of a cohort of 1163 substance misusers who were in inpatient treatment in the early 1980s. Data was originally collected in the Swedish Drug Addict Treatment Evaluation (SWEDATE). Objectives: The aim is to examine the overall mortality and identify causes of death in different groups based on self-reported most dominant substance misuse among those who have died during January 1984-December 2013. Methods: SWEDATE-data was linked to the National Cause of Death Register. Five mutually exclusive study groups were created based on self-reported most dominant substance misuse for the last 12 months before intake to treatment: Alcohol, Cannabis, Stimulants, Opiates, and Other. The Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) was calculated. Results: During the follow-up, 40% died. SMR is 10.3 for women and 11.7 for men. The study groups differed regarding SMR; 13.1 in the Alcohol group, 9.2 in the Cannabis group, 9.6 in the Stimulants group, 16.7 in the Opiates group and 10.8 in the Other group. Drug related death was the most common cause of death (28% only underlying, 19% both underlying and contributing) followed by alcohol related reasons (17% vs. 9%). Conclusions: Alcohol misuse among substance abusers might have a negative impact on mortality rates. Methodological changes in how drug related deaths is registered affects the interpretation of the statistics of cause of death. Further analysis on the relation between drug related cause of death and drug misuse related death is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 53, no 12, p. 2043-2051
Keywords [en]
Mortality, causes of death, long-term follow-up, substance misuse, treatment, SWEDATE
National Category
Psychology Substance Abuse Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-159184DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2018.1452261ISI: 000439912700012PubMedID: 29578830OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-159184DiVA, id: diva2:1240823
Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-08-22Bibliographically approved

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von Greiff, NiniveSkogens, LisaBergmark, Anders
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