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The Link Between Per Capita Alcohol Consumption and Alcohol-Related Harm in Sweden, 1987–2015
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2018 (English)In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1937-1888, E-ISSN 1938-4114, Vol. 79, no 4, p. 578-584Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective:

Recent studies have suggested a weakening of the relationship between population drinking and harm in Sweden. The aim of the present article was to estimate this association on the basis of more recent Swedish time-series data.

Method:

The Swedish state monopoly’s (Systembolaget) alcohol sales were used as a proxy for population drinking, expressed in liters 100% alcohol per capita ages 15 and older. As indicators of harm we used mortality (cirrhosis mortality, accidents, and suicide), police-reported assaults, and drink driving. Quarterly data on mortality and alcohol consumption spanned the period 1987Q1–2015Q1, and the data on police-reported offenses covered the period 1995Q1–2015Q1. Data were analyzed by applying the technique of seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) modeling.

Results:

We found a positive and statistically significant association between population drinking and all harm indicators. A 1 L increase in per capita consumption was associated with a 19% increase in cirrhosis mortality and a 17% increase in drink driving. The effects on the other harm rates were estimated to be between 11% and 13%. These estimates are in line with earlier findings except the estimate for cirrhosis, which was weaker and now similar to findings for other countries.

Conclusions:

The results provide continuing support for a strong relationship between population drinking and alcohol-related harm in Sweden. Policy measures aimed at lowering the level of drinking gained support from these results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 79, no 4, p. 578-584
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-159387DOI: 10.15288/jsad.2018.79.578ISI: 000441178300010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-159387DiVA, id: diva2:1242581
Available from: 2018-08-28 Created: 2018-08-28 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved

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