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Breaking the spectral degeneracies in black hole binaries with fast timing data: the hard state of Cygnus X-1
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Number of Authors: 22018 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 480, no 1, p. 751-758Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The spectra of black hole binaries in the low/hard state are complex, with evidence formultiple different Comptonization regions contributing to the hard X-rays in addition to a cool disc component. We show this explicitly for some of the best RXTE data from Cyg X-1, where the spectrum strongly requires (at least) two different Comptonization components in order to fit the continuum above 3 keV, where the disc does not contribute. However, it is difficult to constrain the physical properties of these Comptonization components uniquely using spectral data alone. Instead, we show that additional information from fast variability can break this degeneracy. Specifically, we use the observed variability power spectra in each energy channel to reconstruct the energy spectra of the variability on time-scales of similar to 10, 1, and 0.1 s. The two longer time-scale spectra have similar shapes, but the fastest component is dramatically harder, and has strong curvature indicating that its seed photons are not from the cool disc. We interpret this in the context of propagating fluctuations through a hot flow, where the outer regions are cooler and optically thick, so that they shield the inner region from the disc. The seed photons for the hot inner region are then from the cooler Comptonization region rather than the disc itself.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 480, no 1, p. 751-758
Keywords [en]
accretion, accretion discs, X-rays: binaries, X-rays: individual: Cygnus X-1
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160187DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty1801ISI: 000442567900055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-160187DiVA, id: diva2:1251799
Available from: 2018-09-28 Created: 2018-09-28 Last updated: 2018-09-28Bibliographically approved

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Axelsson, Magnus
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Department of PhysicsDepartment of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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