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An evolutionary perspective on leaf economics: phylogenetics of leaf mass per area in vascular plants
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Number of Authors: 322014 (English)In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 4, no 14, p. 2799-2811Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In plant leaves, resource use follows a trade-off between rapid resource capture and conservative storage. This worldwide leaf economics spectrum consists of a suite of intercorrelated leaf traits, among which leaf mass per area, LMA, is one of the most fundamental as it indicates the cost of leaf construction and light-interception borne by plants. We conducted a broad-scale analysis of the evolutionary history of LMA across a large dataset of 5401 vascular plant species. The phylogenetic signal in LMA displayed low but significant conservatism, that is, leaf economics tended to be more similar among close relatives than expected by chance alone. Models of trait evolution indicated that LMA evolved under weak stabilizing selection. Moreover, results suggest that different optimal phenotypes evolved among large clades within which extremes tended to be selected against. Conservatism in LMA was strongly related to growth form, as were selection intensity and phenotypic evolutionary rates: woody plants showed higher conservatism in relation to stronger stabilizing selection and lower evolutionary rates compared to herbaceous taxa. The evolutionary history of LMA thus paints different evolutionary trajectories of vascular plant species across clades, revealing the coordination of leaf trait evolution with growth forms in response to varying selection regimes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 14, p. 2799-2811
Keywords [en]
Brownian model, functional trait, Ornstein-Uhlenbeck model, phenotypic evolution
National Category
Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160594DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1087ISI: 000340146300001PubMedID: 25165520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-160594DiVA, id: diva2:1251914
Available from: 2018-09-28 Created: 2018-09-28 Last updated: 2018-09-28Bibliographically approved

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Flores, OlivierGarnier, EricWright, Ian J.Reich, Peter B.Pierce, SimonPakeman, Robin J.Rusch, Graciela M.Cerabolini, Bruno E. L.Eriksson, OveFayolle, Adeline
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Department of Botany
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