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Gender atypical decisions and the role of peers
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gender norms are one of the strongest sources of horizontal stratification within education and peers are important mediators of gender norms. Despite vast amounts of research on how educational decisions are stratified by gender there are relatively few studies examining selection and persistence in gender typical and atypical educations at early stages of the educational career. This study examines how peers mediate selection into the most gender stratified educations within the Swedish upper secondary educational system and how peers mediate the decisions to leave such educations early. The study capitalizes on Swedish administrative data covering 12 full cohorts of students applying to and enrolling in upper secondary education 1999-2010. Such unique data allow me to isolate peer influences from parental influences on gendered educational decisions, using same-sex sibling fixed effects. The results suggest that same-sex peers influence each other to make both gender typical and atypical educational decisions, suggesting that norms about appropriate gender roles are formed locally within schools. The results also show that token girls enrolled in male dominated educations are more likely to leave the education early compared to their sisters enrolled in other types of education. While no such differences are found among token boys enrolled in a female dominated education.     

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160735OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-160735DiVA, id: diva2:1253109
Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2018-10-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Social Influence and Educational Decisions: Studies on Peer Influence in Secondary Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Influence and Educational Decisions: Studies on Peer Influence in Secondary Education
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the role of peers when students’ educational decisions are formed. The thesis uses rich administrative data from Sweden, which provides opportunities to follow students over different transitions in their educational career and assess the role of peers in different educational situations. The thesis consists of one introductory chapter and four empirical studies. Study I examines how peers influence each other’s applications to upper secondary education through two different influence functions, where students both conform to their peers’ ambitious decisions and simultaneously can be discouraged from ambitious decisions by high-achieving peers. Study II builds on the findings from Study I and examines if students who conform to their peers’ educational ambitions and enroll in ambitious and demanding educations are more prone to leave such educations since their applications potentially were too myopic when influenced by their peers. Study III examines how students’ decisions to apply to gender typical and gender atypical upper secondary educations were affected by their peers. The study additionally examines if students enrolled in atypical educations are more likely to leave the education and if such decisions are mediated by the peer composition in their upper secondary education. Study IV examines how an admission reform to upper secondary education, which increased the sorting of students on achievements, affected application behavior to different tertiary education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2018. p. 33
Series
Stockholm studies in sociology, ISSN 0491-0885 ; 74
Keywords
Peer influence, educational decisions, school leaving, application behavior, reference group
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-160739 (URN)978-91-7797-492-5 (ISBN)978-91-7797-493-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-11-16, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.

Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2018-10-16Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
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Output format
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