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Speech and language profiles in 4-to 6-year-old children with early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 42018 (English)In: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, ISSN 1176-6328, E-ISSN 1178-2021, Vol. 14, p. 2415-2427Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aimed to present speech and language data from a community-representative group of 4- to 6-year-old children with early-diagnosed autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID). Methods: The study group comprised 83 children 4-6 years of age with ASD without ID. They had been diagnosed with ASD before age 4.5 years and had received intervention at a specialized habilitation center. At 2-year follow-up, their language abilities were evaluated comprehensively by two speech-language pathologists using a battery of assessments. Receptive and expressive language and phonology were examined. The phonology evaluation included measures of phonological speech production and of phonological processing. Results: Results revealed that almost 60% had moderate-severe language problems. Nearly half exhibited combined expressive and receptive language problems, of which a majority also had phonology problems. Phonological speech problems were found in 21% of the total group. Conclusion: The findings underscore the importance of considering speech/language disorders in children with ASD without ID, since they usually attend mainstream classes but need specific educational adaptations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 14, p. 2415-2427
Keywords [en]
autism spectrum disorder, language, speech, language disorders, speech-language pathology
National Category
Neurosciences Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-161232DOI: 10.2147/NDT.S171971ISI: 000445520500002PubMedID: 30275695OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-161232DiVA, id: diva2:1256811
Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2018-10-18Bibliographically approved

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  • de-DE
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