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Media Bias in China
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Number of Authors: 32018 (English)In: The American Economic Review, ISSN 0002-8282, E-ISSN 1944-7981, Vol. 108, no 9, p. 2442-2476Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines whether and how market competition affected the political bias of government-owned newspapers in China from 1981 to 2011. We measure media bias based on coverage of government mouthpiece content (propaganda) relative to commercial content. We first find that a reform that forced newspaper exits (reduced competition) affected media bias by increasing product specialization, with some papers focusing on propaganda and others on commercial content. Second, lower-level governments produce less-biased content and launch commercial newspapers earlier, eroding higher-level governments' political goals. Third, bottom-up competition intensifies the politico-economic trade-off, leading to product proliferation and less audience exposure to propaganda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 108, no 9, p. 2442-2476
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162040DOI: 10.1257/aer.20170947ISI: 000443229800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162040DiVA, id: diva2:1263021
Available from: 2018-11-14 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2018-11-14Bibliographically approved

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