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Skeletal changes in lower limb bones in domestic cattle from Eketorp ringfort on the Oland island in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
Number of Authors: 12012 (English)In: International journal of paleopathology, ISSN 1879-9817, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 208-216Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper the nature and frequency of skeletal changes in the lower limb bones of cattle are investigated. The bones derive from the archaeological site of Eketorp ringfort on the Oland island in Sweden dated between Iron Age-Middle Age (ca. A.D. 300-1200/50). The analysis was conducted to explore whether skeletal lesions were associated with traction activity, and if changes in the type and prevalence of lesions occurred over time. Different skeletal lesions were recorded by bone and precise anatomical location: the joint surfaces of metapodia and phalanges were divided into four to seven zones to determine if different types of lesions were located on particular regions of the articular surface. The results show that metatarsals exhibited a higher frequency of pathologies in the Iron Age and medieval period compared to metacarpals, while anterior phalanges 1 and 2 had a higher occurrence of lesions than the posterior elements. The study also demonstrates that the type and location of depressions on joint surfaces are unevenly distributed between bone elements. Finally, the results show that skeletal lesions were more common in robust animals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 2, no 4, p. 208-216
Keywords [en]
Cattle, Traction, Paleopathology, Zooarchaeology, Eketorp ringfort, Iron Age, Medieval
National Category
History and Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162385DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpp.2012.09.002ISI: 000209142800006PubMedID: 29539367OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162385DiVA, id: diva2:1267842
Available from: 2018-12-04 Created: 2018-12-04 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved

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