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Vitamin D deficiency was common in all patients at a Swedish primary care centre, but more so in patients born outside of Europe
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 42018 (English)In: Journal of Public Health, ISSN 2198-1833, E-ISSN 1613-2238, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 649-652Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundVitamin D is associated with extra-skeletal processes, and vitamin D deficiency might contribute to the development of chronic diseases.AimTo investigate vitamin D levels in an unselected patient population at a Swedish suburban primary care centre.MethodsVitamin D levels were assessed in 102 patients aged 20 to 65years visiting the primary care centre, independent of cause of visit, during 2weeks in January 2014. The difference in vitamin D levels between patients born in Europe and patients born outside Europe was calculated using linear regression, adjusting for gender and age. The difference in prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (< 25nmol/l) was calculated using logistic regression adjusting for gender, age, vitamin D supplement, and sun exposure.ResultsPatients born outside Europe (n=66) had 15nmol/l [95% confidence interval (CI) 9.17-20.84] lower levels of vitamin D than patients born in Europe. Vitamin D deficiency was more common in patients born outside Europe (50%) than in patients born in Europe (11%, odds ratio 8.20 95% CI 2.49-26.98, p<0.001).ConclusionLower levels of vitamin D and the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency were more common in patients born outside Europe compared to patients born in Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 26, no 6, p. 649-652
Keywords [en]
Vitamin D, Immigrants, Gender
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162823DOI: 10.1007/s10389-018-0910-zISI: 000450032800006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162823DiVA, id: diva2:1270101
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved

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