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Early formation of carbon monoxide in the Centaurus A supernova SN 2016adj
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Number of Authors: 112018 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 481, no 1, p. 806-818Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present near-infrared spectroscopy of the NGC 5128 supernova SN 2016adj in the first two months following discovery. We report the detection of first-overtone carbon monoxide emission at similar to 58.2 d after discovery, one of the earliest detections of CO in an erupting supernova. We model the CO emission to derive the CO mass, temperature, and velocity, assuming both pure (CO)-C-12 and a composition that includes (CO)-C-13; the case for the latter is the isotopic analyses of meteoritic grains, which suggest that core-collapse supernovae can synthesize significant amounts of C-13. Our models show that, while the CO data are adequately explained by pure (CO)-C-12, they do not preclude the presence of (CO)-C-13, to a limit of C-12/C-13 > 3, the first constraint on the C-12/C-13 ratio determined from near-infrared observations. We estimate the reddening to the object, and the effective temperature from the energy distribution at outburst. We discuss whether the ejecta of SN 2016adj may be carbon-rich, what the infrared data tell us about the classification of this supernova, and what implications the early formation of CO in supernovae may have for CO formation in supernovae in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 481, no 1, p. 806-818
Keywords [en]
techniques: spectroscopic, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: SN 2016adj, infrared: stars
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162990DOI: 10.1093/mnras/sty2255ISI: 000449651400057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162990DiVA, id: diva2:1270251
Available from: 2018-12-12 Created: 2018-12-12 Last updated: 2018-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Roy, Rupak
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Department of AstronomyThe Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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