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Silicon and Mechanisms of Plant Resistance to Insect Pests
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Number of Authors: 22018 (English)In: PLANTS, E-ISSN 2223-7747, Vol. 7, no 2, article id 33Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper reviews the most recent progress in exploring silicon-mediated resistance to herbivorous insects and the mechanisms involved. The aim is to determine whether any mechanism seems more common than the others as well as whether the mechanisms are more pronounced in silicon-accumulating than non-silicon-accumulating species or in monocots than eudicots. Two types of mechanisms counter insect pest attacks: physical or mechanical barriers and biochemical/molecular mechanisms (in which Si can upregulate and prime plant defence pathways against insects). Although most studies have examined high Si accumulators, both accumulators and non-accumulators of silicon as well as monocots and eudicots display similar Si defence mechanisms against insects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 7, no 2, article id 33
Keywords [en]
silicon, plant resistance, insects, HIPVs, physical defence, induced defence
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162955DOI: 10.3390/plants7020033ISI: 000436511100010PubMedID: 29652790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162955DiVA, id: diva2:1270330
Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved

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