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Heterogeneity in aerosol characteristics at the semi-arid and island AERONET observing sites in India and Maldives
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Number of Authors: 82018 (English)In: International Journal of Remote Sensing, ISSN 0143-1161, E-ISSN 1366-5901, Vol. 39, no 19, p. 6137-6169Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Multi-year Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) direct Sun retrieved and inversion algorithm derived aerosol products at a semi-arid, urban site, Jaipur (26.90 degrees N, 75.80 degrees E) and island observing site, Maldives Climate Observatory-Hanimaadhoo (MCO-Hanimaadhoo, 6.74 degrees N, 73.17 degrees E) are analysed to investigate heterogeneity in aerosol optical and microphysical properties. Results reveal the existence of a large seasonal diversity in the frequency distributions of aerosol optical depth (AOD(500) (nm), AOD(1020) (nm)) and angstrom ngstrom exponent (AE(440-870) (nm)) during different seasons at Jaipur and MCO-Hanimaadhoo. These are indicative of the advection of different aerosol types (viz., black carbon (BC) aerosol, organic aerosol, sulfate particle, dust, sea salt, nitrate particle, and mixtures thereof) from a variety of production mechanisms influenced by strong seasonal changes of anthropogenic activities as well as modulations induced by the climatic condition. The cumulative frequency analysis of the single scattering albedo (SSA) difference (i.e. Delta SSA = SSA(440) (nm) - SSA(1020) (nm)) shows that at Jaipur Delta SSA is predominantly negative (around 88% days) while at MCO-Hanimaadhoo it is positive (around 74% days). The positive and negative values of Delta SSA are respectively linked to a stronger absorption by BC mixed anthropogenic pollution aerosols at 1020 nm and to a stronger absorption by mineral dust containing iron oxide at 440 nm. The spectral behaviour of SSA, thus, facilitates investigation of the existence of iron oxide or BC in aerosols. The 'Bivariate Kernel density' plots of SSA versus fine-mode fraction (FMF) of AOD(440) (nm)/AE(440-870) (nm) reveal that at Jaipur the aerosol ensemble consists of coarse-mode particles (AE and FMF cluster in the range 0.2-0.4), a dominant category along with significant fine-mode and much less mixed category. At MCO-Hanimaadhoo fine-mode particle category (with FMF and AE cluster in the range 0.90-0.95 and 1.2-1.6 respectively) is the only dominant category. The persisting log-normal bimodal feature in aerosol volume size distribution (AVSD) is observed both at Jaipur and MCO-Hanimaadhoo. The modal volume concentration of coarse-mode aerosol decreases from FMF of AOD(675) (nm) = 0.25 (inherently belonging to the coarse-mode regime) to FMF of AOD(675) (nm) = 0.95 (inherently belonging to the fine-mode regime). This transformation in coarse-to fine-mode volume concentration is associated with a steady rise in AE(440-874) (nm) supporting this changeover.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 39, no 19, p. 6137-6169
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162918DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2018.1454622ISI: 000449971700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162918DiVA, id: diva2:1272392
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Budhavant, Krishnakant B.
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Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry
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