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Public order and private payments: Evidence from the Swedish soccer leauge
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0140-3031
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 153, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Should organizers of events share the associated costs of maintaining public order? We address this question by using unique data from the Swedish soccer league where co-payment for police were introduced for some clubs only. The difference-in-differences analysis shows that co-payments increased private guards by 40% and suggests a reduction of unruly behavior by 20%. The results are consistent with our model, where co-payments alleviate under-provision in efforts by organizers to combat problems such as hooliganism due to externalities and free-riding on police services. The model also sheds light on the critique that co-payments could lead financially constrained organizers to provide less security.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 153, p. 1-8
Keywords [en]
Natural experiment, Co-payments for police, Free-riding, Externality, Hooliganism
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163362DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2017.07.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163362DiVA, id: diva2:1274046
Available from: 2018-12-27 Created: 2018-12-27 Last updated: 2019-01-03Bibliographically approved

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