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Medical treatment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and children’s academic performance
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI). The ROCKWOOL Foundation, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0544-9977
2018 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 11, article id e0207905Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is negatively associated with a range of academic achievement measures. We use Danish administrative register data to study the impact of medical treatment of ADHD on children's academic performance assessed by student grade point average (GPA). Using administrative register data on children, who begin medical treatment, we conduct a natural experiment and exploit plausible exogenous variation in medical nonresponse to estimate the effect of medical treatment on school-leaving GPA. We find significant effects of treatment on both exam and teacher evaluated GPAs: Compared to consistent treatment, part or full discontinuation of treatment has large significant negative effects reducing teacher evaluation and exam GPA with .18 and .22 standard deviations, respectively. The results demonstrate that medical treatment may mitigate the negative social consequences of ADHD. Placebo regressions indicate that a causal interpretation of our findings is plausible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 13, no 11, article id e0207905
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163451DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207905ISI: 000451763800062OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163451DiVA, id: diva2:1275026
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved

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