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Time-Resolved Photoelectron Studies of Thiophene and 2,5-Dimethylthiophene
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. University of Copenhagen, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3863-9454
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Number of Authors: 72018 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 122, no 45, p. 8809-8818Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The photoinduced dynamics of thiophene and 2,S-dimethylthiophene (2,5-DMT) were investigated upon excitation at 200 and 255 nm (2,5-DMT only) using time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and compared with results from ab initio coupled cluster calculations. For thiophene, depopulation of the initially excited B 2 (pi(3)pi(4)*) state to the lower-lying A(1) (pi(3)pi(4)*) state occurs within 25 +/- 20 fs, with a subsequent bifurcation into a ring-puckering channel and a ring-opening channel with lifetimes of 80 +/- 20 and 450 +/- 50 fs, respectively. For 2,5-DMT, the dynamics following excitation at 200 nm is described by a monoexponential decay with a time constant of 120 +/- 20 fs, while that following excitation at 255 nm is best fit by a biexponential decay with time constants of 115 +/- 20 fs and 15 +/- 3 ps, respectively. The fast signal observed after excitation of 2,5-DMT is assigned to the ring-opening channel, which is favored with respect to thiophene due to a lower excited-state barrier along the ring-opening coordinate and an increased inertia toward the ring-puckering channel. Coupled cluster calculations have been undertaken to compare the relaxation dynamics of thiophene to thiazole and isothiazole. For the latter two molecules, we find a strong gradient along the ring-opening coordinate in the Franck-Condon region of the initially populated pi pi* state and predict that ring-opening is the dominating relaxation channel after photoexcitation. We use the extracted information for a comparison of the thiophene dynamics with the light-induced processes observed in other five-membered heterocyclic molecules.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 122, no 45, p. 8809-8818
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Chemical Sciences Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-162749DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b06728ISI: 000451101200001PubMedID: 30354137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-162749DiVA, id: diva2:1275070
Available from: 2019-01-04 Created: 2019-01-04 Last updated: 2019-01-04Bibliographically approved

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