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Ecological Genetic Conflict: Genetic Architecture Can Shift the Balance between Local Adaptation and Plasticity
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8621-6977
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Number of Authors: 52019 (English)In: American Naturalist, ISSN 0003-0147, E-ISSN 1537-5323, Vol. 193, no 1, p. 70-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Genetic polymorphism can contribute to local adaptation in heterogeneous habitats, for instance, as a single locus with alleles adapted to different habitats. Phenotypic plasticity can also contribute to trait variation across habitats, through developmental responses to habitat-specific cues. We show that the genetic architecture of genetically polymorphic and plasticity loci may influence the balance between local adaptation and phenotypic plasticity. These effects of genetic architecture are instances of ecological genetic conflict. A reduced effective migration rate for genes tightly linked to a genetic polymorphism provides an explanation for the effects, and they can occur both for a single trait and for a syndrome of coadapted traits. Using individual-based simulations and numerical analysis, we investigate how among-habitat genetic polymorphism and phenotypic plasticity depend on genetic architecture. We also study the evolution of genetic architecture itself, in the form of rates of recombination between genetically polymorphic loci and plasticity loci. Our main result is that for plasticity genes that are unlinked to loci with between-habitat genetic polymorphism, the slope of a reaction norm is steeper in comparison with the slope favored by plasticity genes that are tightly linked to genes for local adaptation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 193, no 1, p. 70-80
Keywords [en]
genetic conflict, local adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, ecotypes, genetic architecture, linkage
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163834DOI: 10.1086/700719ISI: 000453889700009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163834DiVA, id: diva2:1277035
Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2020-03-05Bibliographically approved

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