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Validation of new 2D ripple filters in proton treatments of spherical geometries and non-small cell lung carcinoma cases
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Number of Authors: 92018 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 63, no 24, article id 245020Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A ripple filter (RiFi) is a passive energy modulator used in scanned particle therapy to broaden the Bragg peak, thus lowering the number of accelerator energies required for homogeneous target coverage, which significantly reduces the irradiation time. As we have previously shown, a new 6 mm thick RiFi with 2D groove shapes produced with 3D printing can be used in carbon ion treatments with a similar target coverage and only a marginally worse planning conformity compared to treatments with in-use 3 mm thick RiFis of an older 1D design. Where RiFis are normally not used with protons due to larger scattering and straggling effects, this new design would be beneficial in proton therapy too. Measurements of proton Bragg curves and lateral beam profiles were carried out for different RiFi designs and thicknesses as well as for no RiFi at the Heidelberg lonenstrahl-Therapiezentrum. Base data for proton treatment planning were generated with the Monte Carlo code SHIELD-HIT12A with and without the 2D 6 mm RiFi. Plans on spherical targets in water were calculated with TRiP98 for a systematic RiFi performance analysis and for comparisons with carbon ion plans for the same respective energy depth step sizes. Plans for 9 stage I static non small cell lung cancer patients were calculated with Eclipse 13.7.15. Dose-volume-histograms, spatial dose distributions and dosimetric indexes were used for plan evaluation. Measurements confirm the functionality of the new 2D RiFi design, which reduces the beam spot size compared to 1D RiFis of the same thickness. Planning studies show that a 6 mm thick 2D RiFi could be used in proton therapy to lower the irradiation time. Although slightly worse planning conformity and dose homogeneity were found for plans with the RiFi compared to plans without, satisfactory results within the planning objective were obtained for all cases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 63, no 24, article id 245020
Keywords [en]
ripple filter, ridge filter, intensity-modulated proton therapy, pencil beam scanning, irradiation time reduction, non-small cell lung cancer, treatment planning
National Category
Medical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163571DOI: 10.1088/1361-6560/aaede9ISI: 000453311600007PubMedID: 30523868OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163571DiVA, id: diva2:1278570
Available from: 2019-01-14 Created: 2019-01-14 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Grzanka, LeszekBassler, Niels
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