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Experimental evidence on scaling up education reforms in Kenya
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
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Number of Authors: 52018 (English)In: Journal of Public Economics, ISSN 0047-2727, E-ISSN 1879-2316, Vol. 168, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What constraints arise when translating successful NGO programs to improve public services in developing countries into government policy? We report on a randomized trial embedded within a nationwide reform of teacher hiring in Kenyan government primary schools. New teachers offered a fixed-term contract by an international NGO significantly raised student test scores, while teachers offered identical contracts by the Kenyan government produced zero impact. Observable differences in teacher characteristics explain little of this gap. Instead, data suggests that bureaucratic and political opposition to the contract reform led to implementation delays and a differential interpretation of identical contract terms. Additionally, contract features that produced larger learning gains in both the NGO and government treatment arms were not adopted by the government outside of the experimental sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 168, p. 1-20
Keywords [en]
Education, Kenya, Contract teachers, Randomized evaluation, External validity, State capacity
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-163565DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2018.08.007ISI: 000453644500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-163565DiVA, id: diva2:1278719
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved

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