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Speech and language profiles in 4-to-6-year-old children with early diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder without intellectual disability
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Special Education. Gothenburg University, Sweden.
2018 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate speech and language profiles in a community-representative group of preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID).

Methods: The 83 participants, age 4-6 years, were a subgroup of a large research cohort of 208 Swedish preschool children diagnosed with ASD before age 4.5 years. After diagnosis they had obtained intervention at a specialized habilitation center. At a two-year follow-up, comprehensive research data on their speech and language abilities were collected by two speech-language pathologists.

Results: Moderate to severe language problems were found in almost 60% of the children; only one in six had no such problems. Nearly half exhibited a combination of receptive and expressive language difficulties, of which a majority also had phonological difficulties, here defined as pronunciation problems and/or problems with phonological processing.

Conclusions: The findings highlight that many children with ASD without ID face major language challenges similar to those seen in children diagnosed with language disorder. These coexisting speech and language problems in children with ASD without ID require specific assessments, interventions and follow-up to ensure an optimal and adapted school situation for the child.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164932OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-164932DiVA, id: diva2:1280770
Conference
ESSENCE 2018, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 10-11, 2018
Available from: 2019-01-21 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
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  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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