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Manufacturing Certainty: An Analysis of the Discontents of Patrick Bateman in Brett Easton Ellis's American Psycho
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The lack of plot and of explanations for the actions of American Psycho’s main character have engaged quite a lot of scholars in the task of theorizing and explaining the novel and its main character. This essay argues that American Psycho is an illustration of a world where freedom and constant change have caused a state of uncertainty for the individual. Furthermore, I argue that as a result of living in this world, Patrick Bateman, the protagonist, attempts to find certainty and solid points of references through the engagement of repetitive behavior. Many critics argue that Bateman is trapped within a world of hyperrealism, an analysis based on the theories of Jean Baudrillard. This essay makes use of the sociologist Zygmunt Bauman’s theories about the post-modern society in order to analyze Bateman’s discontents as symptoms of freedom, rather than symptoms of feeling confined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
American Psycho; Zygmunt Bauman; Liquid Modernity; Postmodernity; Freedom; Repetition
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-164937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-164937DiVA, id: diva2:1280814
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Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-01-21 Last updated: 2019-02-07Bibliographically approved

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