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The Influence of Identity Styles on Adolescents’ Psychological Problems in Postcommunist Albania
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
2018 (English)In: Changing Values and Identities in the Post-Communist World / [ed] Nadezhda Lebedeva, Radosveta Dimitrova, John Berry, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 281-294Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter examines relationships between identity development and “core” psychological problems among young people in postcommunist Albania. Albania is a new democratic state since 1991 after the collapse of the communist regime, where identity is a now major issue. Based on social-cognitive models, identity is conceptualized as a self-theory constructed during adolescence within a social context [Berzonsky, A social-cognitive perspective on identity construction. In: Schwartz et al. (eds.) Handbook of identity theory and research. Springer, New York (2011)]. In this chapter, identity styles are considered identity-processing orientations of adolescents, while “core” psychological problems are considered lack of well-being, clinical symptoms, lack of functioning, and risk to harm self and others. Participants were 840 adolescents aged 15–23 years old who completed the Revised Identity Style Inventory (ISI-5; Berzonsky, 2013) and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure [CORE-OM, Bodinaku, Translation, validation and standardization of the Albanian version of the SCL-90-R (Symptom Checklist-90-Revised) and CORE-OM (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluations – Outcome Measure), Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Sigmund Freud Private University, Vienna (2014)]. Path models confirm that identity-processing styles were predictors of adolescents’ core psychological problems. The informative identity style was negatively associated with adolescent’s symptoms such as anxiety and depression, whereas normative and diffuse-avoidant identity styles were positively associated with lack of subjective well-being, symptoms, and risk to harm self and others. These findings are explained in the specific context of youths in postcommunist Albania.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018. p. 281-294
Series
Societies and Political Orders in Transition, ISSN 2511-2201
Keywords [en]
identity, identity development, psychological health, Albanian adolescents
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165495DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-72616-8_16ISBN: 978-3-319-72615-1 (print)ISBN: 978-3-319-72616-8 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-165495DiVA, id: diva2:1283973
Available from: 2019-01-30 Created: 2019-01-30 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved

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