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The cosmic transparency measured with Type Ia supernovae: implications for intergalactic dust
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4163-4996
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Number of Authors: 32018 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 477, no 1, p. l75-L79Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Observations of high-redshift Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) are used to study the cosmic transparency at optical wavelengths. Assuming a flat Lambda cold dark matter (Lambda CDM) cosmological model based on baryon acoustic oscillations and cosmic microwave background measurements, redshift dependent deviations of SN Ia distances are used to constrain mechanisms that would dim light. The analysis is based on the most recent Pantheon SN compilation, for which there is a 0.03 +/- 0.01 (stat) mag discrepancy in the distant supernova distance moduli relative to the Lambda CDM model anchored by supernovae at z < 0.05. While there are known systematic uncertainties that combined could explain the observed offset, here we entertain the possibility that the discrepancy may instead be explained by scattering of supernova light in the intergalactic medium (IGM). We focus on two effects: Compton scattering by free electrons and extinction by dust in the IGM. We find that if the discrepancy is entirely due to dimming by dust, the measurements can be modelled with a cosmic dust density Omega(dust)(IGM) = 8 x 10(-5)(1 + z)(-1), corresponding to an average attenuation of 2 x 10(-5) mag Mpc(-1) in V band. Forthcoming SN Ia studies may provide a definitive measurement of the IGM dust properties, while still providing an unbiased estimate of cosmological parameters by introducing additional parameters in the global fits to the observations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 477, no 1, p. l75-L79
Keywords [en]
dust, extinction, intergalactic medium, cosmological parameters
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165747DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/sly053ISI: 000454420400016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-165747DiVA, id: diva2:1285466
Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-02-04Bibliographically approved

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