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Large-eddy simulation of a warm-air advection episode in the summer Arctic
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
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Number of Authors: 62018 (English)In: Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, ISSN 0035-9009, E-ISSN 1477-870X, Vol. 144, no 717, p. 2449-2462Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While there is an increasing scientific interest in the role of advection of warm and moist air into the Arctic, there is little understanding of the interactive processes between the advected air, boundary-layer clouds and turbulence during such events and almost all studies refer to winter conditions. We use large-eddy simulation (LES) to investigate these processes for an extreme warm-air advection episode observed during summer 2014. The results indicate that moisture advection is the critical factor for cloud formation; shutting off this supply resulted in cloud dissipation, regardless of heat advection being present or not. The dissipation of the cloud reduced the surface energy budget by up to 37W/m(2). Advection of heat suppresses cloud-driven mixing through enhancement of the atmospheric stability. Turning off the large-scale heat transport therefore resulted in a somewhat optically thicker cloud, on average increasing the liquid water path by approximate to 10g/m(2). The results showed little sensitivity to a number of assumptions and simplifications in the LES set-up, such as the prescribed cloud condensation nuclei concentration, friction velocity, surface albedo and the available moisture above the cloud layer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 144, no 717, p. 2449-2462
Keywords [en]
air-mass transformation, Arctic, Arctic climate change, fog, large-eddy simulation, sea-ice melting, warm-air advection
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-165736DOI: 10.1002/qj.3316ISI: 000455586500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-165736DiVA, id: diva2:1286242
Available from: 2019-02-06 Created: 2019-02-06 Last updated: 2019-02-06Bibliographically approved

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Tjernström, MichaelEkman, Annica M. L.Hartung, KerstinSedlar, Joseph
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