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Pedagogy and Human–Nature Connection: A case study of two pedagogical approaches and their relation to pupils’ human–nature connection in northern Mato Grosso, Brazil
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
2019 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

As environmental challenges are increasing in the current era of the Anthropocene, there is a growing need to understand what would instigate pro-environmental behaviour. One such factor that research has suggested is to (re)connect people with nature. This research aims to find out whether school pedagogy can have a role in this by investigating the relation between pupils’ human–nature connection (HNC) and the pedagogy of the school they attend. In order to do this, the study uses ACHUNAS, a recently developed framework to assess where and how children connect to nature. Two types of school took part in the research: one conventional school and two alternative schools, all rural schools. Based on semi-structured interviews and participant observations, the study found that there is indeed a relation between the pedagogical approach of the school and the HNC of the pupils. Alternative schools offered more recurring and more versatile nature experiences than the conventional school, and pupils in alternative schools had developed more abilities of HNC than their peers in conventional schools. Pupils in alternative schools stated that the school had changed their HNC, while in the conventional school half of the pupils stated that the school had made no impact on their HNC. On top of the findings related to the relation between school pedagogy and HNC, the study found two aspects of HNC that could be included in the ACHUNAS framework.

Abstract [pt]

Tendo em vista que os desafios ambientais estão se tornando mais comuns no atual Antropoceno, há uma necessidade crescente de se entender os fatores que favorecem um comportamento sustentável. Um fator sugerido por várias pesquisas é a (re)conexão com a natureza. Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo descobrir se a pedagogia escolar possui um papel neste processo, ao investigar a relação entre a conexão com a natureza de estudantes e a abordagem pedagógica utilizada pela escola em que frequentam. Para isto, esta pesquisa empregou o método “ACHUNAS”, desenvolvido recentemente para avaliar onde e como as crianças desenvolvem uma conexão com a natureza. Três escolas do campo participaram desta pesquisa: uma escola convencional e duas escolas alternativas. Utilizando os métodos de entrevistas semiestruturadas e observações participativas, esta pesquisa descobriu que há uma relação entre a abordagem pedagógica da escola e a conexão com a natureza dos seus estudantes. As escolas alternativas ofereceram experiências na natureza com maior frequência e variação comparadas à escola convencional. Os estudantes das escolas alternativas mostraram maiores habilidades de conexão com a natureza do que os estudantes da escola convencional. Os estudantes das escolas alternativas afirmaram que a escola mudou a conexão deles com a natureza, enquanto que a metade dos estudantes na escola convencional disseram que a escola não teve um impacto na conexão deles com a natureza. Além dos resultados relacionados à relação entre a pedagogia e a conexão com a natureza, esta pesquisa descobriu dois aspetos da conexão com a natureza que poderiam ser incluídos no ACHUNAS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 55
Keywords [en]
human–nature connection, situated pedagogy, rural education, environmental education, assessment, Brazil
Keywords [pt]
conexão com a natureza, pedagogia situada, educação do campo, educação ambiental, avaliação
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166374OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-166374DiVA, id: diva2:1291670
External cooperation
Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil
Presentation
2019-02-18, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Kräftriket 2B, Roslagsvägen 101, Stockholm, 21:56 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Concepções, práticas e conexão de professores e estudantes com a natureza em escolas rurais no norte de Mato GrossoAvailable from: 2019-02-26 Created: 2019-02-25 Last updated: 2019-02-26Bibliographically approved

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