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Seafood Trade Routes for Lobster Obscure Teleconnected Vulnerabilities
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 42018 (English)In: Frontiers in Marine Science, E-ISSN 2296-7745, Vol. 5, article id UNSP 239Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reliance on international seafood markets leaves small-scale fishers and fishing economies vulnerable to distant disturbances that can negatively affect market prices and trigger social, economic, and environmental crises at local levels. This paper examines the role of seafood trade routes and re-exports in masking such market linkages. We employ a network approach to map the global trade routes of lobster (Homarus spp.) from small-scale producers in North America to terminal markets and evaluate the extent to which intermediary nations act to obscure producer-market relationships. In taking this approach, we provide a method for systematically measuring teleconnectivity created through seafood trade routes, and thus making explicit vulnerabilities to small-scale fisheries from this teleconnectivity. Our empirical analysis shows that the perceived trade diversification of lobster producers is masking increased dependencies on a reduced number of end-markets, particularly in Asia. These results suggest, paradoxically, that the apparent diversification of trade partnerships may actually amplify, rather than reduce, the vulnerabilities of small-scale fishers associated with international trade by making risk harder to identify and anticipate. We discuss our results in the context of local fisheries and global seafood trade and describe key impediments to being able to monitor market dependencies and exposure to potential vulnerabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 5, article id UNSP 239
Keywords [en]
seafood trade, teleconnectivity, globalization, lobster, China, vulnerability
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166871DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00239ISI: 000457177000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-166871DiVA, id: diva2:1294097
Available from: 2019-03-06 Created: 2019-03-06 Last updated: 2019-03-06Bibliographically approved

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