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Perukmakarna på Kungliga teatern 1773-1923: konstnärlig och social status
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Teatervetenskapliga institutionen.
1991 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to contribute knowledge about the wig-makers' artistic and social status at The Royal Theatre between 1773 and 1923. The period, during which the development from a guild system to an industrialized society took place in Sweden, was mainly chosen because documents in the archives revealed that the wig-makers' workshop at the theatre was carried on by contractors.

Income and the circumstances under which it is earned, as well as the publicity surrounding the handicraft in relation to ideals, values and general currents in the prevailing society, are assumed to be expressions of a person's status. This relationship formed the starting point for the study and accordingly influenced the way in which to bring about the result.

The study starts by describing The Wig-makers' Office and The Wig-makers' Association, which shows that the abolition of the guild system in 1846 didn't have any important conscquenses for the practice of the wig-makers' trade. Although the introduction of the communal laws in 1862 and The Declaration of Free Trade in 1864 meant some changes for the town's ruling burgesses, the wig-making business continued as earlier. This was true also after 1876 because The Wig-makers' Association took over the education system and organisation from The Wig-makers' Office.

The theatre wig-maker's work consists of three distinct elements of the handicraft: wigmaking, hairstyling and make-up. Although a certain refinement of the handicraft took place in the Swedish theatre between the 1820's and the 1860's, it didn't change the technique, which was developed and known by the wig-makers even before 1773.

The professional background, conditions of appointments and incomes of the wig-makers, contractors and their employees at The Royal Theatre are dealt with. These conditions differed somewhat from those of the wig-makers working outside the theatre but they didn't change during the period concerned.

Knowledge from the above mentioned fields leads to a concluding discussion about the artistic and social status, arguing that it was relatively high for the wig-makers at The Royal Theatre, though it probably didn't differ very much from that of wig-makers in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stiftelsen för utgivning av teatervetenskapliga studier (STUTS), 1991. , p. 173
Series
Theatron, ISSN 0348-2448
Keywords [sv]
Kungliga Operan, Perukmakeri, Teater-- historia, Perukmakare-- Sverige -- 1773-1923, Sminkning-- historia -- 1773-1923
National Category
Performing Art Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167106Libris ID: 7757979ISBN: 91-86434-09-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167106DiVA, id: diva2:1296962
Public defence
1991-05-17, Föreläsningssalen, Institutionen för Teater- och filmvetenskap, Filmhuset, Borgvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved

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