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Observations of a Fast-expanding and UV-bright Type Ia Supernova SN 2013gs
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Number of Authors: 242019 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 872, no 1, article id 14Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we present extensive optical and ultraviolet (UV) observations of the type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2013gs discovered during the Tsinghua-NAOC Transient Survey. The photometric observations in the optical show that the light curves of SN 2013gs are similar to those of normal SNe Ia, with an absolute peak magnitude of M-B = -19.25 +/- 0.15 mag and a post-maximum decline rate Delta m(15)(B) = 1.00 +/- 0.05 mag. Gehrels Swift Ultr-Violet/Optical Telescope observations indicate that SN 2013gs shows unusually strong UV emission (especially in the uvw1 band) at around the maximum light (M-uvw1 similar to -18.9 mag). The SN is characterized by relatively weak Fe II III absorptions at similar to 5000 angstrom in the early spectra and a larger expansion velocity (v(Si) similar to 13,000 km s(-1) around the maximum light) than the normal-velocity SNe Ia. We discuss the relation between the uvw1 - v color and some observables, including Si II velocity, line strength of Si II lambda 6355 and Fe II/III lines, and Delta m(15)(B). Compared to other fast-expanding SNe Ia, SN 2013gs exhibits Si and Fe absorption lines with similar strength and bluer uvw1 - v color. We briefly discussed the origin of the observed UV dispersion of SNe Ia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 872, no 1, article id 14
Keywords [en]
supernovae: general, supernovae: individual (SN 2013gs)
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-166720DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aafacdISI: 000458043400014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-166720DiVA, id: diva2:1296974
Available from: 2019-03-18 Created: 2019-03-18 Last updated: 2019-03-18Bibliographically approved

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