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Psychological treatments for return to work in individuals on sickness absence due to common mental disorders or musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials
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Number of Authors: 62019 (English)In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 92, no 3, p. 273-293Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

Common mental disorders (CMDs) and musculoskeletal disorders are highly prevalent in the population and cause significant distress and disability, and high costs to society. The main objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the outcome and comparative effectiveness of psychological interventions in reducing sickness absence (SA) due to CMDs or musculoskeletal disorders, compared to a waitlist control group, usual care or another clinical intervention.

Methods

We reviewed 3515 abstracts of randomized controlled trials published from 1998 to 2017. Of these, 30 studies were included in the analysis.

Results

The psychological interventions were overall more effective than treatment as usual in reducing SA (small effect sizes), but not compared to other clinical interventions. Results were similar for studies on CMDs and musculoskeletal pain. A few significant moderating effects were found for treatment-specific variables. However, these were  difficult to interpret as they pointed in different directions.

Conclusion

There was a small but significant effect of psychological treatments in reducing SA. We identified areas of improvement such as methodological problems among the included studies and failure to specifically address RTW in the interventions that were evaluated. Clinical implications of the findings, and ways of improving methodological rigour of future studies are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 92, no 3, p. 273-293
Keywords [en]
Return to work, Psychological treatment, Common mental disorders, Musculoskeletal disorders, Meta-analysis
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167564DOI: 10.1007/s00420-018-1380-xISI: 000461337000001PubMedID: 30474734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167564DiVA, id: diva2:1302958
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Finnes, AnnaNager, AnnaÖst, Lars-Göran
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