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The future of resilience-based management in coral reef ecosystems
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Number of Authors: 212019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 233, p. 291-301Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Resilience underpins the sustainability of both ecological and social systems. Extensive loss of reef corals following recent mass bleaching events have challenged the notion that support of system resilience is a viable reef management strategy. While resilience-based management (RBM) cannot prevent the damaging effects of major disturbances, such as mass bleaching events, it can support natural processes that promote resistance and recovery. Here, we review the potential of RBM to help sustain coral reefs in the 21st century. We explore the scope for supporting resilience through existing management approaches and emerging technologies and discuss their opportunities and limitations in a changing climate. We argue that for RBM to be effective in a changing world, reef management strategies need to involve both existing and new interventions that together reduce stress, support the fitness of populations and species, and help people and economies to adapt to a highly altered ecosystem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 233, p. 291-301
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167635DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.034ISI: 000459525100030PubMedID: 30583103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167635DiVA, id: diva2:1303104
Available from: 2019-04-08 Created: 2019-04-08 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Graham, Nicholas A. J.Nyström, Magnus
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Stockholm Resilience Centre
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