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Prudent diet is associated with low sleepiness among short-haul truck drivers
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. University of São Paulo, Brazil.
2019 (English)In: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), ISSN 0899-9007, E-ISSN 1873-1244, Vol. 63-64, p. 61-68Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives

The lifestyle of postindustrial society has undergone major shifts characterized by changes in demographic and epidemiologic profiles, eating habits, and job structures, with irregular working hours, particularly night shifts. The investigation of dietary patterns is of great importance for the discussion and devising of effective dietary strategies for shift and night workers in general, particularly in view of the increased sleepiness reported during night work.

Objective

We aimed to determine the association between dietary patterns of Brazilian truck drivers and sleepiness levels, according to work shift.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 52 drivers (25 long haul and 27 short haul) at a freight company was carried out. This study entailed application of a structured questionnaire collecting sociodemographic, lifestyle, and nutritional status data. Assessment of dietary intake using a 24-h dietary recall and an evaluation of sleepiness by the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale were performed. The principal components of the diet were analyzed by factor analysis to derive dietary patterns. A linear mixed model was then applied to determine a model for sleepiness levels of the drivers as a function of dietary pattern, time of day, and work shift.

Results

Three intake patterns were derived: traditional, prudent, and Western. Associations of time of day (F = 23.629, P < 0.01) and shift type (F = 42.218, P < 0.01) on sleepiness were found. An association between diet and sleepiness was also evident, where the prudent pattern was associated with low sleepiness among short-haul truck drivers (F = 3.865, P = 0.02).

Conclusions

The results of the present study revealed an association between dietary patterns and short-haul driving, in which the healthy pattern produced low sleepiness during the day. The sleepiness curve of long-haul drivers appears to have a flattening pattern, probably because of irregular working times.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 63-64, p. 61-68
Keywords [en]
Dietary patterns, Sleepiness, Truck drivers, Shiftwork, Eating behavior, Food consumption
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-167863DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2018.11.023ISI: 000471735300010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-167863DiVA, id: diva2:1303312
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-07-22Bibliographically approved

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Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Occupational Health and Environmental HealthNutrition and Dietetics

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