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Post-WWI military disarmament and interwar fascism in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
Number of Authors: 32019 (English)In: Historical Methods, ISSN 0161-5440, E-ISSN 1940-1906, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 37-56Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The emergence of anti-democratic movements is a central puzzle to social science. We study a novel and rich historical dataset covering Swedish municipalities during the interwar years and find a strong link between the presence of a military garrison and the emergence of fascist parties. We interpret these results as suggesting that fascist mobilization in Sweden was driven by discontent with the process of disarmament brought about by democratization. In contrast, poor economic conditions, as captured both by levels of and changes in the local poverty rate and tax base, do not explain the strong link between the fascists and military garrisons. We relate these results to influential theories of democratization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 52, no 1, p. 37-56
Keywords [en]
Democracy, Interwar fascism, Disarmament, Historical Data
National Category
History Economic History Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168460DOI: 10.1080/01615440.2018.1554462ISI: 000464328400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168460DiVA, id: diva2:1313182
Available from: 2019-05-02 Created: 2019-05-02 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Berg, HeléneVernby, Kåre
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