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The primacy of categories in the recognition of 12 emotions in speech prosody across two cultures
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
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Number of Authors: 52019 (English)In: Nature Human Behaviour, ISSN 2397-3374, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 369-382Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Central to emotion science is the degree to which categories, such as Awe, or broader affective features, such as Valence, underlie the recognition of emotional expression. To explore the processes by which people recognize emotion from prosody, US and Indian participants were asked to judge the emotion categories or affective features communicated by 2,519 speech samples produced by 100 actors from 5 cultures. With large-scale statistical inference methods, we find that prosody can communicate at least 12 distinct kinds of emotion that are preserved across the 2 cultures. Analyses of the semantic and acoustic structure of the recognition of emotions reveal that emotion categories drive the recognition of emotions more so than affective features, including Valence. In contrast to discrete emotion theories, however, emotion categories are bridged by gradients representing blends of emotions. Our findings, visualized within an interactive map, reveal a complex, high-dimensional space of emotional states recognized cross-culturally in speech prosody.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 3, no 4, p. 369-382
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Psychology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168646DOI: 10.1038/s41562-019-0533-6ISI: 000464024000017PubMedID: 30971794OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168646DiVA, id: diva2:1313425
Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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