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Toward understanding the dynamics of land change in Latin America: potential utility of a resilience approach for building archetypes of land-systems change
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Swedish Royal Academy of Science, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History and International Relations. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Institute of Latin American Studies.
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Number of Authors: 72019 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 24, no 1, article id 17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change, financial shocks, and fluctuations in international trade are some of the reasons why resilience is increasingly invoked in discussions about land-use policy. However, resilience assessments come with the challenge of operationalization, upscaling their conclusions while considering the context-specific nature of land-use dynamics and the common lack of long-term data. We revisit the approach of system archetypes for identifying resilience surrogates and apply it to land-use systems using seven case studies spread across Latin America. The approach relies on expert knowledge and literature-based characterizations of key processes and patterns of land-use change synthesized in a data template. These narrative accounts are then used to guide development of causal networks, from which potential surrogates for resilience are identified. This initial test of the method shows that deforestation, international trade, technological improvements, and conservation initiatives are key drivers of land-use change, and that rural migration, leasing and land pricing, conflicts in property rights, and international spillovers are common causal pathways that underlie land-use transitions. Our study demonstrates how archetypes can help to differentiate what is generic from context dependant. They help identify common causal pathways and leverage points across cases to further elucidate how policies work and where, as well as what policy lessons might transfer across heterogeneous settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 24, no 1, article id 17
Keywords [en]
archetypes, land-use change, Latin America, regime shifts, resilience assessment
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168391DOI: 10.5751/ES-10349-240117ISI: 000464153200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168391DiVA, id: diva2:1313654
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-05-06Bibliographically approved

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Rocha, Juan C.Baraibar, Matilda M.Deutsch, Lisa
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Stockholm Resilience CentreDepartment of Economic History and International RelationsInstitute of Latin American Studies
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