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The Negative Effects Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties of an Instrument for Assessing Negative Effects in Psychological Treatments
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.
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2019 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Psychological treatments provide many benefits for patients with psychiatric disorders, but research also suggest that negative effects might occur from the interventions involved. The Negative Effects Questionnaire (NEQ) has previously been developed as a way of determining the occurrence and characteristics of such incidents, consisting of 32 items and six factors. However, the NEQ has yet to be examined using modern test theory, which could help to improve the understanding of how well the instrument works psychometrically. 

Methods: The current study investigated the reliability and validity of the NEQ from both a person and item perspective, establishing goodness-of-fit, item bias, and scale precision.

Method: The NEQ was distributed to 564 patients in five clinical trials at post-treatment. Data was analyzed using Rasch analysis, i.e., a modern test theory application. Results: 1) the NEQ exhibits fairness in testing across sociodemographics, 2) shows comparable validity for a final and condensed scale of 20 instead of 32 items, 3) uses a rating scale that advances monotonically in steps of 0-4, and 4) is suitable for monitoring negative effects on an item-level. 

Conclusion: The NEQ is proposed as a useful instrument for investigating negative effects in psychological treatments, and its newer shorter format could facilitate its use in clinical and research settings. However, further research is needed to explore the relationship between negative effects and treatment outcome, as well as to test it in more diverse patient populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. article id S2-050
Keywords [en]
anxiety disorders, ethics, Negative Effects Questionnaire, psychometrics, negative effects in psychological treatments
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168704DiVA, id: diva2:1313865
Conference
39th Annual Conference of the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA), Chicago, USA, March 27-31, 2019
Available from: 2019-05-06 Created: 2019-05-06 Last updated: 2019-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Carlbring, PerForsström, DavidMånsson, Kristoffer
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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