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Beyond the Economic Gaze: Childbearing during and after recessions in the Nordic countries
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
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2019 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates fertility responses to the business cycle in the Nordic countries by comparing period variation in women’s childbearing propensity. We harmonize register data from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden to compare childbearing in the aftermath of the two most recent crises that hit those economies: the 1990s and 2010s. We use event-history techniques to present parity-specific fertility, by calendar year, relative to a defined pre-recession year. We further examine any possible impact of the two recessions by women’s age and education. Results show a large heterogeneity across the five Nordic countries in the childbearing developments after 1990. This variation largely disappears after 2008 when period trends in birth hazards become more similar across countries. Likewise, the educational differences that characterized the variation in childbearing relative risk after 1990 considerably diminish in the years after 2010, especially for first and second births. Economic theories do not suffice to explain this reversal from the heterogeneity of the 1990s to the homogeneity of the 2010s in the childbearing response to recession episodes across countries and socioeconomic groups. Our findings suggest the need to expand the theoretical framework explaining the cyclicality of fertility towards the perception of economic and welfare uncertainty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, 2019. , p. 39
Series
Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, ISSN 0281-8728, E-ISSN 2002-617X ; 2019:16
Keywords [en]
childbearing, recession, economic uncertainty, welfare uncertainty, Nordic countries
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-168840DOI: 10.17045/sthlmuni.8089028.v1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-168840DiVA, id: diva2:1315013
Available from: 2019-05-10 Created: 2019-05-10 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Neyer, GerdaAndersson, GunnarFallesen, PeterJónsson, AriKolk, Martin
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Department of SociologyThe Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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