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From typhoons to traders: the role of patron-client relations in mediating fishery responses to natural disasters
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3557-6571
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1617-4067
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Environmental Research Letters, ISSN 1748-9326, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 14, no 4, article id 045015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The majority of the world's fishers, fishworkers and their dependents live in coastal tropical areas that are, and will be, highly exposed to human-induced climate change. Projections indicate such change could result in coastal populations being more frequently and acutely impacted by natural disasters. Increasing aid interventions is a likely knock-on effect of such scenarios. How these external natural and social disturbances interact and affect local fisheries and small-scale producers is in part determined by the internal dynamics of the social-ecological system (SES). Economic vulnerability often characterizes communities in these settings and influences the means with which they navigate changes. The patron-client system is prolific in many rural economies and small-scale fisheries. It forms a central element in the organization of market interactions and often provides much needed finance for low-income households in place of formal options. How such injection of capital promotes individuals' ability to buffer income fluctuations at the expense of long-term sustainability of the broader fishery system is still an area in need of examination. This paper contributes to shed light on this issue by using a case study approach to trace the historical development of the fishery system in the Iloilo Province (Philippines) in relation to a major natural disaster-super-typhoon Haiyan, known locally as Yolanda-and the subsequent aid intervention that followed. The aim is to assess how the patron-client system filtered these two related disturbances and to highlight the resulting tensions between short-term individual resilience and longer-term SES sustainability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 14, no 4, article id 045015
Keywords [en]
patron-clients, small-scale fisheries, natural disasters, global markets, adaptability, vulnerability, resilience
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-169297DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab0b57ISI: 000465012000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-169297DiVA, id: diva2:1320061
Available from: 2019-06-04 Created: 2019-06-04 Last updated: 2020-01-23Bibliographically approved

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