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The Dark Side of Penumbral Microjets: Observations in H alpha
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6807-1273
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2281-8140
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 876, no 1, article id 47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present data of 10 penumbral microjets (PMJs) observed in a H alpha, Ca II 8542 angstrom, and Fe I 6302 angstrom line pair with the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope (SST) with CRISP and Ca II K with SST/CHROMIS in active region NOAA 12599 on 2016 October 12 at mu = 0.68. All four Stokes parameters of the Ca II 8542 angstrom and Fe I 6302 angstrom lines were observed and a series of test pixels were inverted using the Stockholm inversion code. Our analysis revealed for the first time that PMJs are visible in H alpha, where they appear as dark features with average line-of-sight (LOS) upflows of 1.1 +/- 0.6 km s(-1), matching the LOS velocities from the inversions. Based on the H alpha observations we extend the previous average length and lifetime of PMJs to 2815 +/- 530 km and 163 +/- 25 s, respectively. The plane-of-sky (POS) velocities of our PMJs of up to 17 km s(-1) tend to give increased velocities with distance traveled. Furthermore, two of our PMJs with significant Stokes V signal indicate that the PMJs possess an increased LOS magnetic field of up to 100 G compared to the local pre-/post- PMJ magnetic field, which propagates as quickly as the PMJs' POS velocities. Finally, we present evidence that PMJs display an on average 1 minute gradual precursory brightening that only manifests itself in the cores of the Ca II lines. We conclude that PMJs are not ordinary jets but likely are manifestations of heat fronts that propagate at the local Alfven velocity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 876, no 1, article id 47
Keywords [en]
Sun: atmosphere, Sun: chromosphere, Sun: magnetic fields
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-169265DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab125bISI: 000466800100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-169265DiVA, id: diva2:1322983
Available from: 2019-06-11 Created: 2019-06-11 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Bühler, DavidEsteban Pozuelo, Sarade la Cruz Rodriguez, JaimeScharmer, Göran B.
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