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Multimedia learning trumps retrieval practice in psychology teaching
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Education.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4280-4301
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 222-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is well established that studying with (vs. without) visual illustrations as well as taking tests (vs. restudying) is beneficial for learning, but on which strategy should one put the efforts, or should they be combined for best learning? Eighty-eight upper secondary school students were given a brief lecture presented verbally (6 classes) or with the aid of a visual illustration (visuoverbal, 6 classes). The information was processed again by taking a memory test or by restudying. Recall and transfer tests were conducted after some few minutes and again after one week. The visuoverbal lecture resulted in better learning than verbal presentation only. A significant study strategy by retention interval interaction was found. However, this interaction was not qualified by a testing effect. Hence, taking tests (retrieval practice) did not lead to better learning than restudying. It was concluded that it is worthwhile to use visual illustrations in teaching. However, the present study did not reveal any synergistic effects from the combination of visuoverbal presentation and retrieval practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 60, no 3, p. 222-230
Keywords [en]
Learning, multimedia effect, retrieval practice, testing effect, visual illustration, Multimedia effect, testing effect, visual illustration, retrieval practice, learning
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-169232DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12527ISI: 000467276800005PubMedID: 30809837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-169232DiVA, id: diva2:1326617
Available from: 2019-06-18 Created: 2019-06-18 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Jägerskog, Ann-SofieJönsson, Fredrik U.Selander, StaffanJonsson, Bert
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Department of Humanities and Social Sciences EducationDepartment of PsychologyDepartment of Computer and Systems Sciences
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