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Population genetic structure in Fennoscandian landrace rye (Secale cereale L.) spanning 350years
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Number of Authors: 62019 (English)In: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, ISSN 0925-9864, E-ISSN 1573-5109, Vol. 66, no 5, p. 1059-1071Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rye (Secale cereale L.) was for centuries the economically most important crop in Fennoscandia (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). Historical records tell of a range of different types adapted to climate and varying cultivation practices. Genetic analyses of genebank maintained landrace rye have yet failed, with a few exceptions, to detect differentiation between rye types. Concerns have been raised that genebank material does not truly reflect the historical variation in landrace rye. In this study, we have therefore genotyped old and historical samples of rye as well as extant material. Two historical seventeenth century samples were obtained from a grave and a museum archive respectively, and 35 old samples were taken from 100 to 140-year-old seed collections and museum artefacts made of straw. We could confirm the results of previous studies suggesting Fennoscandian landrace rye to be one major meta-population, genetically different from other European rye landraces, but with no support for slash-and-burn types of rye being genetically different from other rye landraces. Only small differences in genetic diversity and allele distribution was found between old landrace rye from museum collections and extant genebank accessions, arguing against a substantial change in the genetic diversity during twentieth century cultivation and several regenerations during genebank maintenance. The genotypes of the old and historical samples suggest that the genetic structure of Fennoscandian landrace rye has been relatively stable for 350years. In contrast, we find that the younger samples and early improved cultivars belong to a different genetic group, more related to landraces from Central Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 66, no 5, p. 1059-1071
Keywords [en]
Ancient DNA, Genebank conservation, Kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP), Slash-and-burn agriculture, Straw artefacts, Museum collection
National Category
Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170138DOI: 10.1007/s10722-019-00770-0ISI: 000467910500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170138DiVA, id: diva2:1331792
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Leino, Matti W.
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Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies
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