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When does part-time work relate to less work-life conflict for parents? Moderating influences of workplace support and gender in the Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2019 (English)In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Working part-time can potentially be a great means of reducing work-life conflict for parents of young children. However, research has not univocally found this attenuating relation, suggesting it may not be universal, but rather contingent on other factors. This study investigates whether the relation between part-time work and work-life conflict is contingent on workplace support and gender. Results show that short part-time work (<25 h) relates to lower levels of work-life conflict for both women and men. We find some evidence that workplace support affects this relation: short part-time working women in an organization with a family supportive organizational culture had lower levels of work-life conflict than short part-time working women in organizations with an unsupportive organizational culture. For men working short part-time we find tendencies in the same direction, although this falls short of conventional statistical significance. In addition, long part-time work (25–35 h) is not significantly related to (lower) work-life conflict for either women or men. In line with previous research, managerial support is found to be linked to lower levels of work-life conflict, irrespective of whether one works full-time or part-time. Notably, the relation between working part-time and work-life conflict does not differ for mothers and fathers, suggesting that this work-family policy could help both men and women reduce work-life conflict.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Part-time work, organizational culture, managerial support, collegial support, gender, work-life balance
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170382DOI: 10.1080/13668803.2019.1581138OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170382DiVA, id: diva2:1332286
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-28 Last updated: 2019-06-28

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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