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Algae sediment dynamics are mediated by herbivorous fishes on a nearshore coral reef
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT), Germany; University of Bremen, Germany.
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Number of Authors: 62019 (English)In: Coral reefs (Print), ISSN 0722-4028, E-ISSN 1432-0975, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 431-441Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Epilithic algae are a ubiquitous component of coral reefs. Components of the epilithic algal matrix (EAM) can have a significant influence on coral settlement and benthic feeding by fishes. We employed a herbivore exclusion experiment on a fringing reef in Viti Levu, Fiji, to investigate the functional role of herbivorous fishes in affecting the EAM between different habitat types and levels of community-based fishing restriction. We surveyed the herbivorous fish community and deployed experimental tiles on the reef flat and lagoonal slope and inside and outside of an area where fishing is restricted (tabu). Tiles were deployed for 3months, half within cages to exclude herbivorous fishes. We then identified algal type and quantified epilithic algal turf height, sediment dry weight, and detritus within the EAM on each tile. EAM that developed under herbivory was remarkably similar, regardless of the differences in habitat or fishing restriction. In contrast, EAM within cages was characterised by longer turf, heavier sediment load, and high variance in turf length and sediment load. Habitat type played a strong role in determining EAM characteristics where herbivores were excluded. Caged EAM on the reef flat was characterised by algal turf and fleshy macroalgae, whereas EAM in cages on the lagoonal slope was overwhelmingly dominated by filamentous and mat-forming cyanobacteria. The results presented here demonstrate the importance of herbivorous fishes in maintaining a benthic environment favourable to coral settlement and survival. Our results suggest that herbivore biomass per se is not a reliable predictor of foraging activity. Moreover, these results show that the absence of herbivore foraging can have different consequences depending on the habitat type, even within the same reef.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 38, no 3, p. 431-441
Keywords [en]
Herbivory, Algae, Sediment, Anoxia, Herbivore function, LMMA
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170109DOI: 10.1007/s00338-019-01780-1ISI: 000469356900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170109DiVA, id: diva2:1333888
Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-07-02 Last updated: 2019-07-02Bibliographically approved

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Ford, Amanda K.
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