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Surface phase transitions in ice: from fundamental interactions to applications
Stockholm University, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (Nordita). Yale University, USA; University of Oxford, UK.
Number of Authors: 12019 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering science, ISSN 1364-503X, E-ISSN 1471-2962, Vol. 377, no 2146, article id 20180261Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interfaces divide all phases of matter and yet in most practical settings it is tempting to ignore their energies and the associated implications. There are many reasons for this, not the least of which is the introduction of a new pair of canonically conjugate variables-interfacial energy and its counterpart the surface area. A key set of questions surrounding the treatment of multiphase flows concerns how and when we must account for such effects. I begin this discussion with an abbreviated review of the basic theory of lower-dimensional phase transitions and describe a range of situations in which the bulk behaviour of a two-phase (and in some cases two-component) system is dominated by surface effects. Then I discuss a number of settings in which the bulk and surface behaviour can interact on equal footing. These can include the dynamic and thermodynamic behaviour of floating sea ice, the freezing and drying of colloidal suspensions (such as soil) and the mechanisms of protoplanetesimal formation by inter-particle collisions in accretion discs. This article is part of the theme issue 'The physics and chemistry of ice: scaffolding across scales, from the viability of life to the formation of planets'.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 377, no 2146, article id 20180261
Keywords [en]
surfaces, phase transitions, ice physics
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170091DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2018.0261ISI: 000466382900007PubMedID: 30982455OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170091DiVA, id: diva2:1334802
Available from: 2019-07-03 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Wettlaufer, John S.
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