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Ecological and functional consequences of coastal ocean acidification: Perspectives from the Baltic-Skagerrak System
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8405-8717
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 122019 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 831-854Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ocean temperatures are rising; species are shifting poleward, and pH is falling (ocean acidification, OA). We summarise current understanding of OA in the brackish Baltic-Skagerrak System, focussing on the direct, indirect and interactive effects of OA with other anthropogenic drivers on marine biogeochemistry, organisms and ecosystems. Substantial recent advances reveal a pattern of stronger responses (positive or negative) of species than ecosystems, more positive responses at lower trophic levels and strong indirect interactions in food-webs. Common emergent themes were as follows: OA drives planktonic systems toward the microbial loop, reducing energy transfer to zooplankton and fish; and nutrient/food availability ameliorates negative impacts of OA. We identify several key areas for further research, notably the need for OA-relevant biogeochemical and ecosystem models, and understanding the ecological and evolutionary capacity of Baltic-Skagerrak ecosystems to respond to OA and other anthropogenic drivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 48, no 8, p. 831-854
Keywords [en]
Baltic, Ecosystem services, Eutrophication, Indirect effects, Ocean acidification, Warming
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170067DOI: 10.1007/s13280-018-1110-3ISI: 000469438600003PubMedID: 30506502OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170067DiVA, id: diva2:1335092
Available from: 2019-07-03 Created: 2019-07-03 Last updated: 2019-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Havenhand, Jonathan N.Filipsson, Helena L.Niiranen, SusaTroell, MaxCrépin, Anne-SophieWinder, Monika
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Stockholm Resilience CentreDepartment of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
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