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Food and Cultural Traits in Coastal Northern Finnmark in the 14th-19th Centuries
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
Number of Authors: 42019 (English)In: Norwegian Archaeological Review, ISSN 0029-3652, E-ISSN 1502-7678Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

In this study, we used stable isotope analysis and radiocarbon dating to study diet, mobility and chronology in two late medieval/historical coastal populations in northern Norway. We have shown that the individuals buried at Kirkegardsoya date between 1331 and 1953 cal AD and had a homogenous marine diet, whereas the individuals buried at Gullholmen had a more heterogeneous diet, consisting of both terrestrial and marine proteins and date between 1661 and 1953 cal AD. We have demonstrated that reindeer protein was not an important part of their diet, and also discussed the importance of correcting for the marine reservoir effect in populations with a coastal subsistence. Our interpretation is that individuals buried at Kirkegardsoya primarily belonged to a Coastal Sami community, although Norwegians with a similar diet (and likely comprising a minor population in the area) cannot be ruled out. The more varied diet and mobility at Gullholmen could, as predicted, indicate that these individuals may have had a more diverse cultural affinity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
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Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-170773DOI: 10.1080/00293652.2019.1621366ISI: 000474280100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-170773DiVA, id: diva2:1338401
Available from: 2019-07-22 Created: 2019-07-22 Last updated: 2019-07-24

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Fjellström, MarkusEriksson, GunillaLidén, Kerstin
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