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The big two dictionaries: Capturing agency and communion in natural language
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology. Södertörn University, Sweden.
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2019 (English)In: European Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0046-2772, E-ISSN 1099-0992, Vol. 49, no 5, p. 871-887Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Four studies developed and validated two dictionaries to capture agentic and communal expressions in natural language. Their development followed the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) approach (Study 1) and we tested their validity with frequency‐based analyses and semantic similarity measures. The newly developed Agency and Communion dictionaries were aligned with LIWC categories related to agency and communion (Study 2), and corresponded with subjective ratings (Study 3), confirming their convergent validity. Very low or absent correspondence between proposed dictionaries and unrelated LIWC categories demonstrated their discriminant validity (Study 2). Finally, we applied both dictionaries to language used in advertisements. In correspondence to gender stereotypes, male‐dominated jobs were advertised with more agentic than communal words, and female‐dominated jobs with more communal than agentic words (Study 4). Both dictionaries represent reliable tools for quantifying agentic and communal content in natural language, and will improve and facilitate future research on agency and communion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 49, no 5, p. 871-887
Keywords [en]
agency, communion, Big Two, computerized text analysis, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count, measurement
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-171375DOI: 10.1002/ejsp.2561ISI: 000474648500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-171375DiVA, id: diva2:1340701
Available from: 2019-08-06 Created: 2019-08-06 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson Sendén, Marie
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Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology
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