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Using an Integrated Clinical and Functional Assessment Tool to Describe the Use of Social and Medical Care in an Urban Community-Dwelling Swedish Older Population
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 62019 (English)In: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, ISSN 1525-8610, E-ISSN 1538-9375, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 988-+Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To describe the use of social and medical care services in a community-dwelling older population from Stockholm, Sweden, using an integrated clinical and functional assessment tool. Design: Study based on data from the longitudinal community-based Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen. Setting and Participants: Random sample of people >65 years of age living in the community in central Stockholm between March 2001 and June 2004 (N = 2368). Measures: Health status was measured with a health assessment tool (HAT), which combines 5 indicators (gait speed, cognitive function, chronic multimorbidity, mild disability, severe disability) collected during Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen clinical examinations. The amount of formal and informal social care was self-reported in hours per month and recorded by trained nurses at baseline and the 3-year follow-up for those >= 78 years of age at baseline. Data on hospital admissions, 30-day readmissions, days spent in the hospital, primary care visits, and specialist visits were obtained from Stockholm County Council registers (2001-2007). Results: At baseline, 10% of the sample received formal social care and 11% received informal care. Annually between baseline and the 3-year follow-up, 15% were admitted to the hospital, 5% were readmitted, 78% visited a specialist, and 89% visited primary care. Those with the best HAT scores received 0.02 hours/month of formal care; those with the worst, 34 h/mo. The corresponding numbers for other variables were 0.02 vs 73 h/mo of informal care, 2 vs 11 hospital admissions per 10 persons/year, 44 vs 226 hospital days per 10 persons/y, 0.4 vs 2 30-day readmissions per 10 persons/y, 37 vs 78 specialist visits per 10 persons/y, and 50 vs 327 primary care visits per 10 persons/y. Conclusions/Implications: Because of its high discriminative power, the easy-to-use HAT index could help decision makers to plan medical and social care services. (C) 2018 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 20, no 8, p. 988-+
Keywords [en]
Geriatric assessment, delivery of healthcare, home care services, Sweden
National Category
Geriatrics Gerontology, specialising in Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-171698DOI: 10.1016/j.jamda.2018.11.017ISI: 000476978200013PubMedID: 30661864OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-171698DiVA, id: diva2:1343796
Available from: 2019-08-19 Created: 2019-08-19 Last updated: 2019-08-19Bibliographically approved

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