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Disruption of writing by background speech: Does sound source location and number of voices matter?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
Number of Authors: 32019 (English)In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0888-4080, E-ISSN 1099-0720, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 537-543Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is not unusual that people have to write in an environment where background speech is present. Background speech can vary in both speech intelligibility and location of the sound source. Earlier research has shown disruptive effects of background speech on writing performance. To expand and reinforce this knowledge, the present study investigated the role of number of voices and sound source location in the relation between background speech and writing performance. Participants wrote texts in quiet or in background speech consisting of one or seven voices talking simultaneously located in front of or behind them. Overall, one voice was more disruptive than seven voices talking simultaneously. Self-reports showed that sound from the front was more disruptive compared with sound from behind. Results are in line with theory of interference-by-process, attentional capture, and the cross-modal theory of attention. The relevance of the results for open-office environments is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 33, no 4, p. 537-543
Keywords [en]
distraction, sound source location, speech intelligibility, writing
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-172010DOI: 10.1002/acp.3490ISI: 000475404200010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-172010DiVA, id: diva2:1346757
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2020-01-20Bibliographically approved

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